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Home buyers must pay stamp duty when they purchase a property and the tax can add thousands on to their moving bills – our calculator lets you work out how much you would pay. 

Stamp duty  is levied at different rates above certain thresholds and has been tinkered with repeatedly over the years. 

First-time buyers get a special stamp duty exemption, while buy-to-let and second home buyers pay more. 

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What has happened to stamp duty?

A stamp duty cut was announced by Chancellor Kwasi Kwarteng in his mini-Budget but home buyers hoping for a major overhaul were left disappointed. 

The threshold at which stamp duty kicks in was immediately and permanently doubled from £125,000 to £250,000, but the rates did not change meaning the maximum saving is £2,500.

First-time buyers saw their exemption level raised from £300,000 to £425,000 and pay no stamp duty up to that level – saving them £6,250 if they buy a £425,000 home.

Unfortunately, new Chancellor Jeremy Hunt later announced the changes would be reversed from the end of March 2025, but until then the rates and thresholds are as detailed below.

How much stamp duty would you pay?

Average £270,000 home: £1,000 

£350,000 home: £5,000

£450,000 home: £10,000

£500,000 home: £12,500

£750,000 home: £25,000

£1,000,000 home: £41,250

How stamp duty works

Stamp duty is charged on the purchase price of a home and levelled at different rates above thresholds.

First-time buyers had a stamp duty exemption up to £300,000, which has now been raised to £425,000. They have a maximum purchase price ceiling aboive which the exemption does not apply and this has also been lifted to £625,000.

Previously, stamp duty kicked in above a threshold of £125,000 at 2 per cent and then stepped up to 5 per cent above £250,000

Now the first £250,000 is tax-free and amounts above that are charged at 5 per cent until the 10 per cent threshold at £925,000. 

For first-time buyers, the first £425,000 is tax free and then the 5 per cent rate kicks in. If they buy a property costing more than £625,000 they lose their exemption 

The last major permanent stamp duty reform by George Osborne saw bills eased for some home buyers further down the price ladder and cliff edges removed, but higher charges for those buying expensive homes.

Stamp duty bills still remain substantial for those buyers under Kwasi Kwarteng’s cut, but they will see a reduction of £2,500.

In April 2016, stamp duty on buy-to-let and other additional properties was reformed, with the addition of a new 3 per cent surcharge on all rates. This will remain under the new higher threshold system. It means that stamp duty rates for buy-to-lets and second homes start at 3 per cent up to £250,000, rising to 8 per cent above this.

Best mortgage rates and how to find them

Mortgage rates have risen substantially as the Bank of England’s base rate has climbed rapidly.

If you are looking to buy your first home, move or remortgage, or are a buy-to-let landlord, it’s important to get good independent mortgage advice from a broker who can help you find the best deal. 

To help our readers find the best mortgage, This is Money has partnered with independent fee-free broker L&C.

Our mortgage calculator powered by L&C can let you filter deals to see which ones suit your home’s value and level of deposit.

You can also compare different mortgage fixed rate lengths, from two-year fixes, to five-year fixes and ten-year fixes, with monthly and total costs shown.

Use the tool at the link below to compare the best deals, factoring in both fees and rates. You can also start an application online in your own time and save it as you go along.

> Compare the best mortgage deals available now

Some links in this article may be affiliate links. If you click on them we may earn a small commission. That helps us fund This Is Money, and keep it free to use. We do not write articles to promote products. We do not allow any commercial relationship to affect our editorial independence.

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