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“Scotland is seeing such high rent rises for new lets because of the current rent increase cap of 3% per year for existing tenancies”
– Allison Thompson – LRG

Typically, rents rise in line with wages – which, in turn, tend to track inflation or increase at a slightly lower rate. From the late 90s, when buy-to-let mortgages first became available, and the industry took off, up until the pandemic, that averaged out at around 2-3% a year.

But since the start of 2020, we’ve seen rents in the UK rise at an extraordinary rate, chiefly due to the huge imbalance between supply and demand and competition among tenants driving up prices. Average rents for new lets have gone up by a third in the last three years, with Zoopla’s figures for just the year to December 2023 showing:

UK as a whole +9.7%
London +9%
Scotland +12.9%

Scotland is seeing such high rent rises for new lets because of the current rent increase cap of 3% per year for existing tenancies.

How and why have rents been able to rise?

Quite simply, tenants have found a way to afford them – and it’s important to note that Zoopla’s figures are only for new lets. ONS data, which looks at average rents as a whole, including existing tenancies, shows that for the year to November 2023:

Average annual rent growth was 6.2%
Average annual wage growth was 7.2%, with benefits typically rising at a higher rate

And, despite the recent significant rent rises, English Housing Survey data shows that the percentage of income tenants spent on rent last year was slightly lower than a decade earlier: 34% in 2012-13 and 32% in 2022-23. However, if housing support is excluded, that figure rises to 37%, which explains why many tenants will feel the pinch.

Will rents keep rising?

Although the rate of growth is now coming down, rents will always rise over time, more or less in line with wage growth. And whenever there is an imbalance of supply and demand, that will tend to push rents up if rises are affordable.

For 2024, Zoopla anticipates a significant slowdown in rental growth as affordability impacts demand and supply improves slightly. London and other more expensive areas, where rents are highest, are expected to see the biggest drop, with annual growth in the capital predicted to be just 2% this year.

Rightmove also reports that increasing numbers of tenants are at the affordability limits. Their data shows that in Q4 of 2023:

Nearly a quarter of rental properties had a reduction in the advertised rent, compared with 16% in the same quarter last year. Although advertised rents were over 9% higher than in December 2022, the last quarterly increase was just 0.2%

Their prediction for this year is that rents will rise by 5% outside London and by 3% in the capital.

As always, these figures are simply averages and even at a regional level there can be significant differences from one area and type of property to another.

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